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Table 2 Associations of criminal justice involvement and substance use treatment on HCV testing and steps of engagement in HIV care

From: Associations of criminal justice and substance use treatment involvement with HIV/HCV testing and the HIV treatment cascade among people who use drugs in Oakland, California

  HCV testing HIV testing HIV care Initiated ART
aPR (95% CI) p value aPR (95% CI) p value aPR (95% CI) p value aPR (95% CI) p value
Incarceration 1.32 (1.12–1.56) p = 0.001 1.21 (1.10–1.34) p < 0.001 0.82 (0.52–1.29) p = 0.394 0.79 (0.48–1.28) p = 0.336
Community supervision 1.15 (1.04–1.29) p = 0.009 1.17 (1.09–1.25) p = 0.001 1.35 (0.59–3.07) p = 0.470 2.04 (0.64–6.49) p = 0.227
Substance use treatment 1.23 (1.14–1.33) p < 0.001 1.15 (1.10–1.20) p < 0.001 1.67 (1.10–2.55) p = 0.016 1.92 (1.15–3.21) p = 0.012
  1. Age, gender, race, education, steady partnership, having children and injection drug use history assessed as potential confounders in all analyses