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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of study sample (N = 304)

From: Patient-centered primary care for adults at high risk for AUDs: the Choosing Healthier Drinking Options In primary CarE (CHOICE) trial

  N %
Men 275 (90.5)
Age (years)
 21–35 54 (17.8)
 35–49 65 (21.4)
 50–64 131 (43.1)
 65–75 54 (17.8)
Race/ethnicity
 Black 39 (12.8)
 White 206 (67.8)
 Native American 25 (8.2)
 Native Hawaiian/PI 5 (1.6)
 Bi/multiracial 22 (7.2)
 Asian 2 (0.7)
 Other 5 (1.6)
 Hispanic 21 (6.9)
Marital statusa   
 Never married 56 (18.4)
 Married/partnered 136 (44.7)
 Separated 13 (4.3)
 Divorced 91 (29.9)
 Widowed 7 (2.3)
Education
 High school/GED or less 65 (21.4)
 Some college/tech school 170 (55.9)
 College or post graduate 69 (22.7)
Incomea   
 <$15,000 49 (16.1)
 $15,000–29,999 62 (20.4)
 $30,000–59,999 96 (31.6)
 $60,000–89,999 57 (18.8)
 ≥$90,000 38 (12.5)
Behavioral health screening
 Smokes tobacco (some/daily) 134 (44.1)
 Depression (PHQ-9 ≥10 points) 138 (45.4)
 Suicidal thoughts >half days (PHQ-9) 16 (5.3)
 GAD (GAD-7 ≥10 points) 92 (30.3)
 DSM-IV PTSD based on PCLa 125 (41.2)a
 DSM-IV Non tobacco, DUD, past year (MINI) 57 (18.8)
Alcohol use, problems and history
 Drinks ≥6 drinks ~daily (AUDIT Q#3) 155 (51.0)
 AUDIT score ≥20 134 (44.1)
 DSM-IV AUD, past year (MINI) 223 (73.4)
 DSM-IV alcohol dependence, past year (MINI) 180 (59.2)
 Prior alcohol treatment or related services 169 (55.6)
Patient reported importance of change
 Not important 87 (28.6)
 Somewhat important 110 (36.2)
 Very important 107 (35.2)
Patient reported confidence in ability to change
 Not confident 58 (19.1)
 Somewhat confident 112 (36.8)
 Very confident 134 (44.1)
Patient reported readiness to change
 Not ready 98 (32.2)
 Somewhat ready 130 (42.8)
 Ready 76 (25.0)
  1. aPercentages do not sum to 100% due to missing values; PCL had 4 missing