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Table 3 Sociodemographic, Smoking, Mental Health and Substance Use Characteristics of Patients Meeting Criteria for Neither DSM-IV nor DSM-5 AUD, DSM-IV AUD alone, DSM-5 AUD alone, or Both

From: Comparison of DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria for alcohol use disorders in VA primary care patients with frequent heavy drinking enrolled in a trial

  Neither DSM-IV nor DSM-5
n = 42
DSM-IV AUD alone
n = 1
DSM-5 AUD alone
n = 39
Both DSM-IV & DSM-5 AUD
n = 222
(a)
Female 5 (11.9) 0 (0.0) 4 (10.3) 20 (9.0)
Age categories
 21–34 4 (9.5) 0 (0.0) 5 (12.8) 45 (20.3)
 35–49 7 (16.7) 1 (100.0) 10 (25.6) 47 (21.2)
 50–64 13 (31.0) 0 (0.0) 13 (33.3) 105 (47.3)
 65+ 18 (42.9) 0 (0.0) 11 (28.2) 25 (11.3)
Patient-reported race
 Native American 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 5 (12.8) 19 (8.6)
 Asian 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.9)
 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (1.8)
 Black 3 (7.1) 1 (100.0) 6 (15.4) 29 (13.1)
 White 36 (85.7) 0 (0.0) 28 (71.8) 142 (64.0)
 Multiracial 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 21 (9.5)
 Other 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (2.3)
 Hispanic/Latino 3 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 2 (5.1) 16 (7.2)
Marital status
 Never married 7 (16.7) 0 (0.0) 8 (20.5) 41 (18.5)
 Married/partnered 22 (52.4) 0 (0.0) 18 (46.2) 96 (43.2)
 Separated 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 2 (5.1) 10 (4.5)
 Divorced 10 (23.8) 1 (100.0) 9 (23.1) 71 (32.0)
 Widowed 2 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 2 (5.1) 3 (1.4)
 Refused/unknown 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5)
Education
 High school/GED or less 9 (21.4) 0 (0.0) 9 (23.1) 47 (21.2)
 Some college/tech school 20 (47.6) 1 (100.0) 20 (51.3) 129 (58.1)
 College or post graduate 13 (31.0) 0 (0.0) 10 (25.6) 46 (20.7)
Income
 <$15,000 3 (7.1) 1 (100.0) 5 (12.8) 40 (18.0)
 $15,000–59,999 20 (47.7) 0 (0.0) 22 (56.4) 116 (52.3)
 ≥$60,000 18 (42.9) 0 (0.0) 12 (30.8) 65 (29.3)
 Refused/unknown 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5)
(b)
Smokes currently 11 (26.2) 1 (100.0) 15 (38.5) 107 (48.2)
Depression symptoms (PHQ-9 ≥ 10) 3 (7.1) 0 (0.0) 5 (12.8) 130 (58.6)
Generalized anxiety symptoms (GAD-7 ≥ 10) 4 (9.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 88 (39.7)
DSM-IV panic disorder—current (MINI) 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 6 (15.4) 84 (38.4)
DSM-IV drug use disorders past year (MINI) 2 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.6) 26 (11.7)
Count of mental health and drug use conditions*, mean (SD)** 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (5.1) 55 (24.8)
Negative alcohol-related consequences* 0.2 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 0.4 (0.1) 1.7 (0.1)
Negative alcohol-related consequences
 Short Inventory of Problems (SIP)—past 3 months, mean (SD)** 1.0 (0.3) 1 n/a 2.5 (0.4) 6.8 (0.3)
 Short inventory of problems (SIP)—lifetime, mean (SD) 4.2 (0.5) 5 n/a 6.7 (0.5) 10.1 (0.3)
Never seen anyone/gone anywhere for drinking-related reason? 33 (78.6) 0 (0.0) 21 (53.8) 81 (36.5)
Somewhat or ready to change** 17 (40.5) 0 (0.0) 24 (61.5) 165 (74.3)
Somewhat or very Important to change 15 (35.7) 0 (0.0) 24 (61.5) 178 (80.2)
Somewhat or very confident in ability to change 39 (92.9) 1 (100.0) 35 (89.7) 171 (77.0)
  1. * Sum of the total number of positive screens for depression, generalized anxiety, PTSD, panic, and DUD
  2. ** Wald test p < 0.0