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Table 3 Crude and adjusted associations between alcohol consumption and lack of durable viral load suppression among PLWH in the Florida Cohort (N = 619), 2014–2016

From: Alcohol consumption patterns and HIV viral suppression among persons receiving HIV care in Florida: an observational study

Characteristic Crude estimates Adjusted estimates
OR 95% CI p value AOR 95% CI p value
Gender (ref = male)       
 Female 0.83 0.60–1.17 .29 0.72 0.49–1.06 .09
Race (ref = Non-Hispanic White)       
 Non-Hispanic Black 2.04 1.34–3.10 .69 1.85 1.17–2.94 .009
 Hispanic 1.12 0.65 <.001 1.08 0.60 .80
 Other 0.93 0.36 .88 0.71 0.26 .51
Age group (ref ≥ 55)       
 18–34 3.77 2.18–6.51 <.001 3.99 2.21–7.20 <.001
 35–44 2.95 1.78–4.87 <.001 2.80 1.64–4.76 <.001
 45–54 1.82 1.17–2.84 .007 1.69 1.06–2.69 .03
Education (ref > high school)       
 <High school 2.11 1.42–3.14 <.001 1.79 1.13–2.84 .01
 High school or equivalent 1.74 1.16–2.60 .007 1.48 0.95–2.31 .09
Homelessness (ref = no)       
 Yes 2.38 1.53–3.71 <.001 1.87 1.14–3.07 .01
Current smoking (ref = no)       
 Yes 2.00 1.43–2.80 <.001 1.46 0.99–2.16 .06
Illicit drug use (ref = no)       
 Yes 1.46 1.04–2.06 .03 1.17 0.78–1.75 .44
Depressive symptoms (ref = no)       
 Yes 1.02 0.72–1.45 .92
Anxiety symptoms (ref = no)       
 Yes 1.27 0.89–1.81 .19
Drinking status (ref = abstinence)       
 Low drinking 1.29 0.86–1.94 .21 1.19 0.76–1.88 .45
 Binge drinking only 1.35 0.87–2.10 .18 1.04 0.64–1.70 .87
 Heavy drinking 2.79 1.50–5.21 .001 2.16 1.08–4.32 .03
  1. PLWH persons living with HIV, OR odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence limits