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Table 4 Hazard ratios comparing mortality between racial/ethnic groups within each AUDIT-C category

From: Racial/ethnic differences in the association between alcohol use and mortality among men living with HIV

Comparison by race/ethnicity Lower-risk Moderate-risk High-risk
HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
Black relative to white
 Model 1a 1.15 (1.03, 1.28) 0.84 (0.69, 1.01) 0.76 (0.57, 1.00)
 Model 2b 1.25 (1.12, 1.39) 0.94 (0.77, 1.14) 0.73 (0.55, 0.96)
 Model 3c 1.17 (1.05, 1.31) 0.86 (0.71, 1.05) 0.68 (0.52, 0.90)
 Model 4d 0.99 (0.88, 1.11) 0.71 (0.58, 0.87) 0.66 (0.50, 0.87)
Hispanic relative to white
 Model 1a 0.78 (0.61, 0.98) 0.79 (0.53, 1.16) 0.85 (0.51, 1.41)
 Model 2b 0.83 (0.66, 1.05) 0.86 (0.58, 1.27) 0.77 (0.46, 1.29)
 Model 3c 0.81 (0.64, 1.02) 0.81 (0.55, 1.19) 0.77 (0.46, 1.28)
 Model 4d 0.75 (0.59, 0.94) 0.68 (0.46, 1.00) 0.80 (0.48, 1.33)
Black relative to Hispanic
 Model 1a 1.48 (1.17, 1.86) 1.06 (0.72, 1.57) 0.89 (0.54, 1.46)
 Model 2b 1.50 (1.19, 1.89) 1.09 (0.74, 1.61) 0.94 (0.57, 1.54)
 Model 3c 1.45 (1.15, 1.82) 1.07 (0.73, 1.58) 0.89 (0.54, 1.46)
 Model 4d 1.32 (1.05, 1.66) 1.05 (0.71, 1.55) 0.83 (0.50, 1.37)
  1. aModel 1 is unadjusted
  2. bModel 2 is adjusted for age
  3. cModel 3 is adjusted for age and CD4 count
  4. dModel 4 is adjusted for age, disease severity (CD4 count), receipt of HAART, and comorbidities (non-AIDS related Cancers (bladder, breast, buccal cavity and pharynx, digestive system, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, ill-defined cancer, kidney, leukemia, male genital system, melanomas, non-epithelial skin cancer, penile, prostate, stomach, testicular, ureter, urinary system), lung disease (COPD, asthma, or other lung disease), cardiovascular disease (congestive heart failure, MI/CAD, peripheral vascular disease, ischemic stroke, stroke), hypertension, diabetes, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, anxiety, psychosis (schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, other psychosis), PSTD, BMI, drug use, and lifetime tobacco use
  5. Italicsed results are significant at p value < 0.05