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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Alcohol misuse and outpatient follow-up after hospital discharge: a retrospective cohort study

  Overall Alcohol misuse No alcohol misuse p value
N = 17,575 N = 4984 N = 12,591
Age (mean) 56.7 53.8 57.9 < 0.0001
Male gender (%) 57.8 68.8 53.5 < 0.0001
Ethnicity     < 0.0001
 White (%) 42.7 46.7 41.1  
 Black (%) 16.4 15.8 16.6  
 Hispanic (%) 36.8 33.3 38.1  
 Other (%) 4.2 4.2 4.2  
Homelessness (%) 23.2 34.7 18.7 < 0.0001
Comorbidities
 Other substance use disorder (%) 16.2 24.7 12.5 < 0.0001
 Bipolar disorder (%) 9.2 11.4 7.2 < 0.0001
 Depression (%) 30.4 33.4 29.1 < 0.0001
 Schizophrenia (%) 4.4 5.5 3.9 < 0.0001
 Hepatitis C (%) 11.5 17.4 8.9 < 0.0001
 HIV/AIDS (%) 2.9 3.7 2.5 < 0.0001
 Mild liver disease (no portal hypertension) (%) 5.2 9.9 3.1 < 0.0001
 Moderate-severe liver disease (%) 2.9 5.9 1.5 < 0.0001
Payer source     < 0.0001
 Self pay/other (%) 26.2 32.3 23.8  
 Medicaid (%) 32.5 35.3 31.5  
 Medicare (%) 32.9 25.2 36.0  
 Commercial (%) 8.3 7.2 8.8  
Charlson/Deyo index     < 0.0001
 0 (%) 5.6 8.7 4.3  
 1–2 (%) 45.7 51.0 43.6  
 ≥ 3 (%) 48.7 40.3 52.1  
Length of stay (days) 4.1 4.4 4.0 < 0.01
  1. AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, HIV human immunodeficiency virus, Charlson/Deyo index a measure of medical comorbidities