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Table 4 Unadjusted and adjusted association between alcohol misuse and any outpatient follow-up as well as follow-up with a specialist provider in the 30 days following hospital discharge among patients who were not admitted to an intensive care unit during their hospital stay

From: Alcohol misuse and outpatient follow-up after hospital discharge: a retrospective cohort study

  Any outpatient follow-up (n = 13,472) Specialist provider (n = 13,472)
Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Alcohol misuse 0.64 (0.59, 0.69)Z 0.76 (0.70, 0.83)Z 0.66 (0.60, 0.73)Z 0.69 (0.62, 0.76)Z
Age   1.00 (0.99, 1.00)   0.98 (0.98, 0.99)Z
Gender (male)   0.67 (0.63, 0.72)Z   0.95 (0.87, 1.03)
Race
 White, non-Hispanic   Ref   Ref
 Black   1.61 (1.46, 1.79)Z   1.19 (1.06, 1.35)**
 Hispanic   1.97 (1.82, 2.14)Z   1.1.33(1.21, 1.47)Z
 Other   1.10 (0.91, 1.31)   1.12 (0.90, 1.40)
Payer source
 Commercial   Ref   Ref
 Medicaid   1.85 (1.59, 2.16)Z   1.19 (0.99, 1.42)
 Medicare   1.53 (1.31, 1.78)Z   0.97 (0.80, 1.17)
 Self-pay/other   1.25 (1.07, 1.46)Z   1.02 (0.85, 1.23)
Homeless   0.62 (0.57, 0.68)Z   0.68 (0.61, 0.76)Z
Charlson/Deyo
 0   Ref   Ref
 1–2   0.99 (0.83, 1.19)   0.74 (0.61, 0.91)**
 ≥ 3   1.40 (1.16, 1.70)*   1.13 (0.79, 1.40)
  1. Charlson/Deyo index is a measure of medical comorbidities
  2. OR odds ratio
  3. zp < 0.0001; *< 0.001; **< 0.05