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Table 2 Smoking and drinking characteristics of participants in the STAND focus groups and usability testing

From: Development of a social media-based intervention targeting tobacco use and heavy episodic drinking in young adults

  Focus groups (N = 25) Usability testing (N = 29)
N or Mean % or SD N or Mean % or SD
Smoking characteristics
 Age of initiation (M, SD) 15.3 2.6 15.1 3.4
 Daily smoker (N, %) 24 96% 20 69%
 Number of smoking days per week (M, SD) 4.8 2.2 6.2 1.7
 Number of cigarettes per smoking day (M, SD) 5.6 6.9 11.1 11.5
 FTCD: smoke within first 30 min of waking (% yes) 6 24% 6 21%
 Any past year quit attempt 19 76% 18 62%
 Smoking stage of change (N, %)     
 Precontemplation 10 40% 10 34.5%
 Contemplation 11 44% 11 37.9%
 Preparation 4 16% 8 27.6%
Drinking characteristics
 Age of initiation (M, SD) 14.4 2.8 15.1 2.4
 AUDIT C: alcohol quantity (N, %)
  1 or 2 10 40% 7 24.1%
  3 or 4 6 24% 10 34.5%
  5 or 6 4 16% 6 20.7%
  7 or 9 3 12% 3 10.3%
  10 or more 2 8% 3 10.3%
 AUDIT C: alcohol frequency (N, %)
  Never 0 0% 1 3.4%
  Monthly or less 4 16% 1 3.4%
  2–4 times a month 2 8% 2 6.9%
  2–3 times a month 3 12% 5 17.2%
  2–3 times a week 7 28% 10 34.5%
  4 or more times a week 9 36% 10 34.5%
 AUDIT C total score (M, SD) 10.2 2.9 10.1 2.3
 Past month HED episodes (≥ 4 for women, ≥ 5 for men) alcoholic drinks (M, SD) 8.8 6.1 10.1 7.7
 Alcohol stage of change (N, %)
  Precontemplation 13 52% 10 34.5%
  Contemplation 3 12% 7 24.1%
  Preparation 2 8% 2 6.9%
  Action 3 12% 7 24.1%
  Maintenance 4 16% 3 10.3%
  Quit importance (M, SD) 3.8 2.7 5.7 3.0
  Confidence to quit (M, SD) 7.4 2.7 6.2 3.2
 Long term goals about alcohol use (N, %)
  Abstain 0 0% 2 6.9%
  Drink lightly and moderately 16 64% 21 72.4%
 Thoughts about drinking less (N, %)
  Never think of drinking less 11 44% 7 24.1%
  Sometimes think of drinking less 8 32% 12 41.4%
  Decided to drink less 1 4% 1 3.4%
  Already trying to cut back 5 20% 9 31%
  1. HED heavy episodic drinking, FTCD Fagerstrom test for cigarette dependence, AUDIT alcohol use disorders identification test