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Table 2 Multivariate analysis of factors associated with the willingness to wear an overdose detection device (n = 1061)

From: Factors associated with willingness to wear an electronic overdose detection device

Variables Odds ratio (95% CI) P Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI) P
Ethnicity 0.93 (0.73–1.19) 0.565   
Female 1.50 (1.17–1.94) 0.002 1.41 (1.09–1.84) 0.010
Age (years) 1.01 (1.00–1.02) 0.061   
Daily heroin usea 1.27 (0.98–1.65) 0.072   
Daily cocaine usea 0.95 (0.48–1.87) 0.872   
Daily crack usea 1.06 (0.70–1.60) 0.791   
Ever overdosed 1.41 (1.08–1.84) 0.011 1.39 (1.06–1.83) 0.017
Homelessnessa 0.64 (0.48–0.85) 0.002 0.67 (0.50–0.91) 0.009
Methadone treatmenta 1.94 (1.51–2.49) < 0.001 1.86 (1.45–2.40) < 0.001
Chronic pain 1.53 (1.20–1.95) < 0.001 1.53 (1.19–1.96) < 0.001
HIV 1.13 (0.87–1.47) 0.373   
  1. CI confidence interval
  2. aBehaviour during the 6-month period prior to interviews