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Table 1 Demographic differences of participants according to reported primary problem drug

From: Problem opioid use and HIV primary care engagement among hospitalized people who use drugs and/or alcohol

 Opioids (N = 95)No Problem Drug Use (N = 83)Alcohol (N = 182)Stimulants (N = 287)Cannabis (N = 46)Polydrug with Alcohol (N = 62)Polydrug no Alcohol (N = 40)Other (N = 5)p-value
 n%n%n%n%n%n%n%n% 
Sex                0.02b
 Male5861.15161.514177.517962.43576.14470.82870.0480.0 
 Female3739.03238.64122.510837.61123.91829.01230.0120.0 
Agea488.64310.84410.3459.0349.5439.6439.83913.3< 0.001b
Race                < 0.001b
 NH Black6367.06173.513976.823180.83986.74166.12152.5360.0 
 NH white1111.71214.52513.8258.736.71117.71332.500.0 
 Hispanic2021.31012.1147.7258.724.4914.5512.5240.0 
 NH other00.000.0031.751.812.211.612.500.0 
Education                0.44
  < High School4244.22934.96234.112643.91430.42641.91742.5240.0 
 High School/GED3739.02934.96736.88830.71839.12133.91025.0120.0 
  > High School1616.82530.15329.17325.41430.41524.21332.5240.0 
Employment status                < 0.001b
 Working44.211518.13217.6238.0817.4812.937.500.0 
 Unemployed3637.92833.76435.28529.62247.82743.61640.0240.0 
 Disabled4648.43845.87943.417259.91430.42743.62050.0360.0 
 Other99.522.473.972.424.400.012.500.0 
Annual income, $1000sa7.37.816.740.712.712.59.99.610.410.475.38.87.47.39.83.60.02b
Marital Status                0.32
 Married/cohabitating1313.71113.32513.73211.236.546.525.000.0 
 Widowed/divorced/separated2526.32024.13418.77526.1613.01321.0717.5120.0 
 Never married5760.05262.712367.618062.73780.44572.63177.5480.0 
 Health insurance7275.86073.211965.420472.12350.03048.42255.0375.0< 0.001b
Unstably housed                 
 Most of last 6 months2425.51721.83720.48128.41021.71829.5717.5120.00.49
 Any of last 6 months4244.21822.55832.411942.21737.82845.91230.8480.00.005b
Incarcerated                 
 Last 6 months1617.01012.12111.55017.4715.2813.1922.500.00.47
 Ever8186.25465.113071.423682.22963.05285.33587.5360.0< 0.001b
 US born8084.27995.216691.227495.54393.55893.63895.05100.00.027b
US geography                <.001b
 North8185.35869.99049.511740.81839.11524.21742.55100.0 
 South1414.72530.19250.617059.22860.94775.82357.500.0 
Food insecure5659.06983.112769.817761.72758.73150.02562.5480.00.001b
Previous drug/alcohol treatment6871.63441.08345.918765.2715.23759.72460.0240.0< 0.001b
Length of time since HIV diagnosis in monthsa172.1100.9158.3100.4123.0103.0162.2102.397.683.2136.298.9153.0109.0160.6126.3< 0.001b
  1. Denominators vary due to missing data
  2. a Mean and standard deviation presented; b Denotes statistical significance at α= 0.05