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Table 2 Differences in ever HIV primary care engagement among those who reported opioids as their primary problem drug vs. those who reported other primary problem drug and/or alcohol categories

From: Problem opioid use and HIV primary care engagement among hospitalized people who use drugs and/or alcohol

 Opioids vs. no problem drugOpioids vs. alcoholOpioids vs. stimulantsOpioids vs. cannabisOpioids vs. polysubstance with alcoholOpioids vs. polysubstance no alcoholOpioids vs. other
Engagement in HIV primary careARR = 0.84 (95% CI 0.73, 0.98)aARR = 0.96 (95% CI 0.84, 1.09)ARR = 0.84 (95% CI 0.74, 0.95)aARR = 0.90 (95% CI 0.70, 1.15)ARR = 0.86 (95% CI 0.72, 1.03)ARR = 0.79 (95% CI 0.68, 0.93)aARR = 1.24 (95% CI 0.64, 2.40)
  1. ARR, Adjusted Risk Ratio (controlled for age, sex, race, education, health insurance, income, any previous substance use treatment, length of time since HIV diagnosis, and study site); 95% CI 95% confidence interval; a Denotes statistical significance at α= 0.05