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Table 4 Synthesis of the systematic review results

From: The impact of project ECHO on physician preparedness to treat opioid use disorder: a systematic review

Article author Time period Number of participants Self-efficacy improvements? Increased knowledge how to treat OUD? Waivers obtained? Health outcomes? Qualitative outcomes? Other outcomes?
Katzman et al. [5] 7 Five-hour long courses on seven different dates 1315 attended, 1079 gave consent to participate in the study Yes Yes No No No N/A
Kawasaki et al. [6] Not specified Varies based on survey Yes Yes Yes No No Shorter wait times for patients and decreased sense of professional isolation for physicians
Komaromy et al. [7] Two-hour session every week Varies based on survey No Yes No 77% of physicians changed patient care plan No ECHO participants rated input 5/5
Komaromy et al. [8] Two-hour sessions every week 654 unique partic-ipants attended at least one clinic No No Yes No No N/A
Miele et al. [10] One-hour session every month 30–50 per session No No Yes (*prelim. results*) No No N/A
Salvador et al. [16] 12 one-hour sessions for 12 consecutive weeks 24 partici-pants from 13 primary care clinics No No No No Support for the opportunity to engage with content experts Ease of access to ECHO sessions was reported, participants emphasized the value-added effects of participating in the ECHO sessions
Tofighi, B., et al. [19] One-hour sessions every week for 16 weeks 17 Yes Yes No Increased prescribers of buprenorphine No Feedback for improving ECHO program included archiving recordings of sessions, clinical shadowing of buprenorphine providers, and increasing the involvement of non-physician clinical staff