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Table 1 CTN Opioid Research Goals

From: The NIDA clinical trials network: evolving, expanding, and addressing the opioid epidemic

Prevention
 •Develop brief, sensitive screening tools suitable for use in busy medical practices
 •Detect risk levels for opioid misuse and abuse
 •Match risk levels to appropriate actions, e.g., counseling or treatment
Treatment
 •Increase access to treatment
  •Expand patient entry points to include, for example, ED, OB/GYN, neonatal care, pediatrics, infectious disease care, dental, pain clinics, criminal justice systems
  •Engage community pharmacies as potential sites for patient recruitment
  •Adopt effective methods used in other therapeutic areas to reach patients who are in resource-deprived or rural areas
 •Improve OUD treatment quality
 •Implement best practices of MOUD in specialty care and primary care settings
 •Adopt chronic care model with emphasis on patient-centered approaches for OUD management
 •Adapt digital technology such as eHealth to reach patients in rural areas; adopt electronic devices to enhance patient engagement, monitoring, and diagnosis
Dissemination
 •Adapt the “learning health care system”
 •Use electronic health record systems to engage providers and patients to participate in research and expeditiously translate research results into effective care
Training
 •Train research workforce