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Table 1 Eligible patient characteristics at the acute emergency centre visit

From: Patient outcomes and experience of a task-shared screening and brief intervention service for problem substance use in South African emergency centres: a mixed methods study

  Total
(n = 4847)
Male
(n = 3577)
Female
(n = 1270)
p-value
Age     0.836
 Up to 35 years 3235 (67%) 2381 (67%) 848 (67%)  
 Older than 35 years 1601 (33%) 1185 (33%) 416 (33%)  
Injured 3104 (64%) 2434 (68%) 670 (53%)  < 0.001
 Intentional (assault) 2188 (45%) 1780 (50%) 408 (32%)  < 0.001
 Unintentional (falls, cuts etc.) 581 (12%) 429 (12%) 152 (12%) 0.988
 Road traffic crashes 217 (5%) 174 (5%) 43 (3%) 0.029
 Self-harm 92 (2%) 30 (1%) 62 (5%)  < 0.001
Alcohol use only 3300 (68%) 2243 (63%) 1057 (83%)  < 0.001
Illicit drug use only 894 (18%) 754 (21%) 140 (11%)  < 0.001
Alcohol and drug use 653 (14%) 580 (16%) 73 (6%)  < 0.001