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Table 3 American Psychiatric Association criteria for alcohol use disorders

From: Care for hospitalized patients with unhealthy alcohol use: a narrative review

DSM-IV Alcohol dependence DSM-IV Alcohol abuse DSM-V Alcohol use disorder
(≥ 3 of the following) (≥ 1 of the following) (≥ 2 of the following)
• Tolerance Continued drinking despite…. • Tolerance
• Withdrawal • Withdrawal
• Repeatedly exceeding intended limits • Increased risk for physical harm • Repeatedly exceeding intended limits
• Spending a lot of time drinking or recovering from alcohol effects • Trouble in important relationships • Spending a lot of time drinking or recovering from alcohol effects
• Failed attempts to cut down or abstain • Failure to perform important roles • Failed attempts to cut down or abstain
• Continued drinking despite physical or psychological problems • Legal problems* • Continued drinking despite physical or psychological problems
• Spending less time on important activities due to drinking   • Spending less time on important activities due to drinking
   • Increased risk for physical harm
   • Trouble in important relationships
   • Failure to perform important roles
   • Craving for alcohol*
  1. *“Legal problems” will be dropped as an alcohol use disorder criterion, and “craving” will be added.