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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of the analyzed sample

From: Health evaluation and referral assistant: a randomized controlled trial to improve smoking cessation among emergency department patients

  Frequency % Mean Standard deviation
Participant sex
 Male 150 35.6 %   
 Female 271 64.4 %   
Participant age    39.0 12.2
Data collection site
 Cooper University Hospital (NJ) 233 55.3 %   
 UMass University Hospital (MA) 178 42.3 %   
 UMass Memorial Hospital (MA) 4 1.0 %   
 Marlborough Hospital (MA) 6 1.4 %   
Race
 White 291 69.1 %   
 Black 114 27.1 %   
 Other/undocumented 16 3.8 %   
Ethnicity
 Non-hispanic/Latino 339 80.5 %   
 Hispanic/Latino 67 15.9 %   
 Not documented 15 3.6 %   
Insurance statusa
 Private insurance 80 19.0 %   
 Medicaid 127 30.2 %   
 State financed insurance—non-medicaid 78 18.5 %   
 Medicare 69 16.4 %   
 Other kind of insurance not listed 27 6.4 %   
 No insurance 73 17.3 %   
PHQ-2    1.7 1.7
Any mental health diagnosis 240 57.0 %   
 Anxiety/panic attacks/PTSD 158 37.5 %   
 Depression/bipolar disorder 150 35.6 %   
 Schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder 12 2.9 %   
 Anorexia/bulimia 4 1.0 %   
 ADD/ADHD 29 6.9 %   
 Other mental health diagnosis 17 4.0 %   
Baseline HSI score    2.5 1.4
Pack years    18.2 14.9
Other tobacco used in past 30 days
 Cigars 14 3.3 %   
 Smokeless tobacco (Dip, Snuff, Chew) 2 0.5 %   
Experimental condition
 Intervention 210 49.9 %   
 Control 211 50.1 %   
Referralb
 Tailored, printed list of providers (only) 138 65.7 %   
 Dynamic referral accepted 72 34.3 %   
  1. Risky alcohol and illicit drug users were excluded from the tobacco sample; they were enrolled and randomized into the alcohol and drug use samples, to be reported separately
  2. aInsurance status categories are not mutually exclusive (i.e. participants can have multiple types of insurance)
  3. bOnly participants in the intervention condition. All patients in the intervention group received the tailored, printed list of providers by default. Dynamic referral consists of a faxed referral with a brief tobacco use summary to a tobacco treatment provider matched to the individual based on location of residence and preference for telephone vs. in-person treatment. All patients in the intervention group received the tailored, printed list of providers by default