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Table 4 Comparisons across intervention, tailored list only; intervention, dynamic referral; and control conditions

From: Health evaluation and referral assistant: a randomized controlled trial to improve smoking cessation among emergency department patients

  Intervention-provider list
(n = 138)
Intervention-dynamic referral
(n = 72)
Control
(n = 211)
Outpatient smoking cessation treatment
 Contact with tobacco treatment provider
 Contact at 1 month 3 (2.0 %) 32 (44.4 %) 16 (7.6 %)
 Contact at 3 months 6 (4.3 %) 42 (58.3 %) 27 (12.8 %)
Initiated treatment (evaluated by tobacco treatment provider)
  Treatment initiation at 1 month 2 (1.4 %) 8 (11.1 %) 8 (3.8 %)
  Treatment initiation at 3 months 3 (2.2 %) 18 (25.0 %) 14 (6.6 %)
Treatment engagement, either time 2 (1.4 %) 6 (8.3 %) 7 (3.3 %)
Treatment completion 2 (1.4 %) 5 (6.9 %) 6 (2.8 %)
Tobacco cessation
 Abstinent for first month (since visit) 10 (7.2 %) 3 (4.2 %) 19 (9.0 %)
 Abstinent for 3 months (since visit) 6 (4.3 %) 2 (2.8 %) 9 (4.3 %)
 At least one quit attempt at 1 month 47 (34.1 %) 21 (29.2 %) 72 (34.1 %)
 At least one quit attempt at 3 months 72 (52.2 %) 33 (45.8 %) 118 (55.9 %)
 Attempted to reduce use at 1 month 80 (58.0 %) 45 (62.5 %) 122 (57.8 %)
 Attempted to reduce use at 3 months 98 (71.0 %) 52 (72.2 %) 154 (73.0 %)