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Table 4 Direct and indirect risk ratios for suboptimal HIV viral suppression for various alcohol consumption patterns

From: Alcohol consumption patterns and HIV viral suppression among persons receiving HIV care in Florida: an observational study

  Low drinking Binge only Heavy drinking
Direct effect 0.97 (0.76, 1.20) 1.02 (0.79, 1.26) 1.61 (1.16, 2.05)*
Indirect effect 1.00 (0.97, 1.03) 1.04 (1.01, 1.10)* 1.05 (1.00, 1.13)*
Total effect 0.97 (0.75, 1.20) 1.07 (0.82, 1.32) 1.70 (1.24, 2.18)*
  1. Florida Cohort (N = 619), 2014–2016
  2. * p < .05. The indirect effect represents the effect mediated by ART adherence