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Table 3 Prevalence of current alcohol dependence and tools used in identified studies (n = 9)

From: What is the prevalence of current alcohol dependence and how is it measured for Indigenous people in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States of America? A systematic review

Authors (year) Recruitment strategy Indigenous sample recruited Current alcohol dependence Interview/tool administration Tool/s Validated (y/n) Validated in Indigenous communities (y/n)
Male n (%) Female n (%) Age range (mean)1 Male n (%) Female n (%) Total n (%)
Baxter et al. (2006) [32] Stratified systematic 1048 (46.6%) 1547 (53.4%) 16-65+ Not reported Not reported 3.9% Interviewer-administered WMH-CIDI (DSM-IV) No No
Brave Heart et al. (2016) [21] Stratified random 314 (44.8%) 387 (55.2%) 18+ 26 (8.4%) [1.84 SE] 17 (4.5%) [1.32 SE] 43 (6.1%) Interviewer-administered (non-clinician) AUDADIS-IV (DSM-IV) Yes No
Gill et al. (1997) [24] Convenience 57 (54.3%) 48 (45.7%) Not reported Not reported Not reported 35 (33.3%) Interviewer-administered DIS (DSM-III-R) Yes No
Grant et al. (2017) [31] Stratified random Not reported Not reported Not reported Not reported Not reported 16.6% Interviewer-administered (non-clinician) AUDADIS-V (DSM-IV) Yes No
Grant et al. (2004) [33] Stratified random Not reported Not reported 18-65+ 11.0% 7.4% 9.0% Interviewer-administered AUDADIS-IV (DSM-IV) Yes No
Kinzie et al. (1992) [25] Convenience Not reported Not reported Not reported 32.8% 6.2% 25 (18.8%) Interviewer-administered (psychiatrists) SADS-L (DSM-III-R)2 Yes No
Spicer et al. (2003) [28] Stratified A3. 617 (43%)
B4. 790 (48%)
A3. 829 (57%)
B4. 848 (52%)
15-45 +  A3. 75 (12.2%)
B4. 103 (13%)
A3. 11 (1.3%)
B4. 64 (7.6%)
A3. 86 (6.0%)
B4. 167 (10.2%)
Interviewer-administered CIDI5 (DSM-III-R) Yes No
Walls et al. (2020) [29] Convenience roll-based 42.3% 57.0% 24–27 (26.3) 6.8% 2.3% 4.2% Native interviewer-administered WMH-CIDI (DSM-IV-TR) No No
Whitbeck et al. (2006) [30] Convenience roll-based 236 (27.4%) 625 (72.6%) 17-77 (416; 397) 3.0% [0.01 SE] 4.2% [0.01 SE] 3.8% [0.01 SE] Native interviewer-administered UM-CIDI (DSM-III-R) Yes No
  1. 1Mean presented where available
  2. 2Expanding questions on alcohol dependence and abuse and PTSD (Kinzie et al.)
  3. 3Southwest participants (Spicer et al.)
  4. 4Northern Plains participants (Spicer et al.)
  5. 5Alcohol-dependence questions only (Spicer et al.)
  6. 6Men
  7. 7Women