Skip to main content

Table 2 Family and social support, health variables and QoL (N  =  518)

From: Perceived family cohesion, social support, and quality of life in patients undergoing treatment for substance use disorders compared with patients with mental and physical disorders

Variables PD N  =  195 MD N  =  194 SUD N  =  129 p valuea PD/MDb PD/SUDb MD/SUDb
No partner, N (%) 25 (13) 57 (29) 49 (38) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 ns
Family cohesion sum scorec, mean (SD) 42.8 (5.8) 40.2 (7.8) 38.8 (8.9) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 ns
Social support sum scored, mean (SD) 40.1 (6.7) 35.5 (7.4) 36.1 (7.3) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 ns
Problematic substance usee (in lifetime), N (%) 6 (3) 27 (14) 72 (56) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Mental distressf, mean (SD) 1.71 (0.58) 2.45 (0.74) 1.89 (0.71) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.05 < 0.001
Future uncertainty about the illness, N (%) 160 (82) 141 (73) 45 (35) < 0.001 < 0.05 < 0.001 < 0.001
Duration of the illness (years), mean (SD) 4.5 (9.7) 10.3 (9.9) 13.0 (11.5) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.05
Quality of life (QoL)g, mean (SD) 0.66 (0.14) 0.50 (0.16) 0.62 (0.17) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.05 < 0.001
  1. PD physical disorders group, MD mental disorders group, SUD substance use disorder group
  2. aOverall p value for difference between groups obtained from the chi-square test for categorical and ANOVA test for continuous variables
  3. bp value for pair-wise tests were obtained from the chi-square test or Student’s t test
  4. cFamily cohesion was measured with the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales (FACES-III)
  5. dSocial support was measured with the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL)
  6. eProblematic substance use was measured with the CAGE-AID
  7. fMental distress was measured with the Hopkin’s Symptom Check List-10—score 1–4
  8. gQuality of Life was measured with the QoL-5, score 0.1–0.9