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Volume 10 Supplement 2

INEBRIA 12th Congress,

Oral presentation | Open | Published:

Utilization of standardized patients and case studies to evaluate effect of SBIRT training for APRN's

Background

Research supports the efficacy of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) in reducing unhealthy substance use, and demonstrates that nurses are effective SBIRT providers. The purpose of utilizing MI is to help clients to manage their health independently, while building their confidence and willingness to change behavior[1]. Identifying effective pedagogical methods for teaching and evaluating students' proficiency in utilizing SBIRT is essential.

Methods

Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) students (n = 36) received SBIRT and Motivational Interviewing (MI) didactic content and clinical practice during three consecutive semesters. The students' skills were assessed during the 1st semester (Time One) and the 3rd semester (Time Two) using standardized patient case scenarios. Student encounters were recorded and evaluated by faculty, standardized patients and self-reflections. Debriefing sessions provided face to face feedback by faculty and MI trainers.

Results

The percentage of students who were able to demonstrate six specific SBIRT skills increased from Time One measure to Time Two measure in four areas: identifying risk (82.6% vs.100%), educating on low risk drinking limits (67.4% vs. 97.2%), recommendation to quit or cut back (78.3% vs. 97.2%), and enhancing motivation (67.4% vs. 77.8%). The remaining two areas showed a slight decrease in the percentage of students who demonstrated those skills: asking permission to raise the subject (97.8% to 94.4%) and explaining the connection between substance use and the reason(s) for patient's current medical visit (89.1% vs. 88.9%). Student's self-reflections accurately identified areas of strengths and weakness in their individual SBIRT skills and were consistent with faculty evaluations of their performance.

Conclusion

The use of standardized patient case scenarios was shown to be an effective venue for faculty to evaluate student proficiency at performing SBIRT. Educating the FNP student in SBIRT and MI will result in more clients being screened and treated for alcohol or drug misuse and to empower these clients to independently manage their health with success.

References

  1. 1.

    Czart M: Using 3D virtual standardized patient to teach motivational interviewing. Journal of Virtual Worlds Research. 2014, 7 (2): 1-22.

  2. 2.

    Ebbert DW, Connors H: Standardized patient experiences; evaluation of clinical performance and nurse practitioner student satisfaction. Nursing Education Perspectives. 2004, 25 (1): 12-15.

  3. 3.

    Rutherford-Hemming T, Jennrich JA: Using standardized patients to strengthen nurse practitioner competency in the clinical setting. Nursing Education Perspectives. 2013, 34 (2): 118-121. 10.5480/1536-5026-34.2.118.

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Author information

Correspondence to Deborah MacMillan.

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Keywords

  • Motivational Interview
  • Standardize Patient
  • Motivational Interview
  • Drug Misuse
  • Risk Drinking