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  1. Treating severe emotional dysregulation and co-occurring substance misuse is challenging. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a comprehensive and evidence-based treatment for borderline personality disorder...

    Authors: Daniel Flynn, Mary Joyce, Ailbhe Spillane, Conal Wrigley, Paul Corcoran, Aoife Hayes, Marian Flynn, David Wyse, Barry Corkery and Brid Mooney

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:28

    Content type: Research

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  2. The continued escalation of opioid use disorder (OUD) calls for heightened vigilance to implement evidence-based care across the US. Rural care providers and patients have limited resources, and a number of ba...

    Authors: Gerald Cochran, Evan S. Cole, Jack Warwick, Julie M. Donohue, Adam J. Gordon, Walid F. Gellad, Todd Bear, David Kelley, Ellen DiDomenico and Jan Pringle

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:25

    Content type: Study Protocol

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  3. Despite the high prevalence of alcohol use disorders (AUDs), in 2016, only 7.8% of individuals meeting diagnostic criteria received any type of AUD treatment. Developing options for treatment within primary ca...

    Authors: Hildi J. Hagedorn, Jennifer P. Wisdom, Heather Gerould, Erika Pinsker, Randall Brown, Michael Dawes, Eric Dieperink, Donald Hugh Myrick, Elizabeth M. Oliva, Todd H. Wagner and Alex H. S. Harris

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:24

    Content type: Research

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  4. North America is in the midst of an opioid overdose epidemic. Although take-home naloxone and other measures have been an effective strategy to reduce overdoses, many events are unwitnessed and mortality remai...

    Authors: Keith Ahamad, Huiru Dong, Cheyenne Johnson, Kanna Hyashi, Kora DeBeck, M. J. Milloy and Evan Wood

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:23

    Content type: Research

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  5. Alcohol consumption among Indigenous Australians can involve a stop-start pattern of drinking, with consumption well above recommended guidelines on each occasion. Such intermittent drinking patterns can make ...

    Authors: K. S. Kylie Lee, James H. Conigrave, Scott Wilson, Jimmy Perry, Sarah Callinan, Robin Room, Tanya N. Chikritzhs, Tim Slade, Noel Hayman, Geoffrey Leggat and Katherine M. Conigrave

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:22

    Content type: Research

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  6. HIV care providers often serve as the specialist and the primary care point-of-contact for persons living with HIV (PLWH) and unhealthy alcohol use. The purpose of the present qualitative study was to understa...

    Authors: Natalie E. Chichetto, Zachary L. Mannes, Megan K. Allen, Robert L. Cook and Nicole Ennis

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:21

    Content type: Research

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  7. Opioid overdose is a leading cause of death in persons experiencing homelessness (PEH), despite effective medications for opioid use disorder (OUD). In 2016, the San Francisco Street Medicine Team piloted a lo...

    Authors: Jamie Carter, Barry Zevin and Paula J. Lum

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:20

    Content type: Research

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  8. Primary care provider skills such as screening, longitudinal monitoring, and medication management are generalizable to prescribing alcohol use disorder (AUD) pharmacotherapy. The association between primary c...

    Authors: Paul J. Joudrey, Mat Kladney, Chinazo O. Cunningham and Marcus A. Bachhuber

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:19

    Content type: Research

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  9. Ontario patients on opioid agonist treatment (OAT) are often prescribed methadone instead of buprenorphine, despite the latter’s superior safety profile. Ontario OAT providers were surveyed to better understan...

    Authors: Anita Srivastava, Meldon Kahan, Pamela Leece and Alison McAndrew

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:18

    Content type: Research

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  10. Alcohol consumption among Indigenous Australians can be irregular, depending on social and geographic context. The Finnish method uses the last four drinking occasions to estimate drinking quantity and pattern...

    Authors: K. S. Kylie Lee, James H. Conigrave, Sarah Callinan, Scott Wilson, Robin Room, Jimmy Perry, Tim Slade, Tanya N. Chikritzhs, Noel Hayman, Teagan Weatherall, Geoffrey Leggat, Dennis Gray and Katherine M. Conigrave

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:15

    Content type: Research

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  11. Post-release opioid-related overdose mortality is the leading cause of death among people released from jails or prisons (PRJP). Informed by the proximate determinants framework, this paper presents the Post-R...

    Authors: Paul J. Joudrey, Maria R. Khan, Emily A. Wang, Joy D. Scheidell, E. Jennifer Edelman, D. Keith McInnes and Aaron D. Fox

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:17

    Content type: Review

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  12. Alcohol use in HIV infected patients is associated with risky sexual behaviour, poor adherence to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy, treatment failure and increased physiologic harm. The objectives of the s...

    Authors: Munyaradzi Madhombiro, Bazondlile Dube, Michelle Dube, Moleen Zunza, Dixon Chibanda, Simbarashe Rusakaniko and Soraya Seedat

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:16

    Content type: Research

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  13. Women recently released from incarceration have increased rates of co-occurring substance use, physical health, and mental health disorders. During re-entry, they face challenges navigating needed health servi...

    Authors: Katherine Thomas, John L. Wilson, Precious Bedell and Diane S. Morse

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:12

    Content type: Research

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  14. Tobacco use and heavy episodic drinking (HED) commonly co-occur in young adults. We developed and tested usability of the Smoking Tobacco and Drinking (STAND) intervention for young adults delivered on Facebook.

    Authors: Danielle E. Ramo, Meredith C. Meacham, Manpreet Kaur, Ella S. Corpuz, Judith J. Prochaska and Derek D. Satre

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:14

    Content type: Research

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  15. A substantial increase in substance treatment episodes for methamphetamine problems suggests characteristics of the treatment population could have changed and that targeted treatment programs are required. To...

    Authors: Julaine Allan, Ryan H. L. Ip, Michael Kemp and Nicole Snowdon

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:13

    Content type: Research

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  16. Buprenorphine effectively reduces opioid craving and illicit opioid use. However, some patients may not take their medication as prescribed and thus experience suboptimal outcomes. The study aim was to qualita...

    Authors: Margo E. Godersky, Andrew J. Saxon, Joseph O. Merrill, Jeffrey H. Samet, Jane M. Simoni and Judith I. Tsui

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:11

    Content type: Research

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  17. Swedish national guidelines recommend that all health care settings systematically screen patients for alcohol use and illicit substance use. When hazardous use is identified, it should immediately be addresse...

    Authors: Christopher Sundström, Elisabeth Petersén, Kristina Sinadinovic, Peter Gustafsson and Anne H. Berman

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:10

    Content type: Research

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  18. Women experiencing incarceration (WEI) engage in high rates of sex- and drug-related behavior that places them at risk for HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an efficacious means of reducing HIV acquisiti...

    Authors: Susan E. Ramsey, Evan G. Ames, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, Anne M. Teitelman, Jennifer Clarke and Clair Kaplan

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. More than 80% of people in jail or prison report having used illicit substances in their lifetimes. After release from incarceration, resumption of substance use carries risks, including parole revocation, exa...

    Authors: Adam Chamberlain, Sylviah Nyamu, Jenerius Aminawung, Emily A. Wang, Shira Shavit and Aaron D. Fox

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:7

    Content type: Research

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  20. Treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD) is highly effective, yet it remains dramatically underutilized. Individuals with OUD have disproportionately high rates of hospitalization and low rates of addiction tre...

    Authors: Jennifer McNeely, Andrea B. Troxel, Hillary V. Kunins, Donna Shelley, Joshua D. Lee, Alexander Walley, Zoe M. Weinstein, John Billings, Nichola J. Davis, Roopa Kalyanaraman Marcello, Bruce R. Schackman, Charles Barron and Luke Bergmann

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:5

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Effective medications for treating alcohol use disorders (AUD) are available but underutilized. Multiple barriers to their provision have been identified, and optimal strategies for addressing and overcoming b...

    Authors: Emily C. Williams, Theresa E. Matson and Alex H. S. Harris

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:6

    Content type: Review

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  22. Residential opioid rehabilitation aims to improve the mental health and quality of life of opioid users through abstinence and residential program participation. This study aimed to determine the depression, a...

    Authors: Madeleine M. Southey, Trent Rees, Margaret Rolfe and Sabrina Pit

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:4

    Content type: Research

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  23. In Dar es Salaam Tanzania, the first opioid treatment program (OTP) in Sub-Saharan Africa, had very high rates of enrollment of people who use drugs (PWUD) but low rates of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiat...

    Authors: Alexis Cooke, Haneefa Saleem, Saria Hassan, Dorothy Mushi, Jessie Mbwambo and Barrot Lambdin

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:3

    Content type: Research

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  24. Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States and is concentrated among disadvantaged populations, including individuals with a history of criminal justice involve...

    Authors: Tyler N. A. Winkelman, Katherine Diaz Vickery and Andrew M. Busch

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:2

    Content type: Research

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  25. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and unhealthy drinking are prevalent among women involved in the criminal justice system and women military veterans. Pharmacotherapy—including naltrexone, topiramate, acamprosate, a...

    Authors: Emmeline Taylor, Christine Timko, Alex H. S. Harris, Mengfei Yu and Andrea K. Finlay

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:1

    Content type: Research

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  26. Alarming rates of unhealthy alcohol, non-prescription drug, and tobacco use highlight the preventable health risks of substance abuse and the urgent need to activate clinicians to recognize and treat risky use...

    Authors: Robin Newhouse, Michelle Janney, Anne Gilbert, Jon Agley, Giorgos Bakoyannis, Melora Ferren, C. Daniel Mullins, Meg Johantgen, Rhonda Schwindt and Kelli Thoele

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:28

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Medically complex urban patients experiencing homelessness comprise a disproportionate number of high-cost, high-need patients. There are few studies of interventions to improve care for these populations; the...

    Authors: Brian Chan, Samuel T. Edwards, Meg Devoe, Richard Gil, Matthew Mitchell, Honora Englander, Christina Nicolaidis, Devan Kansagara, Somnath Saha and P. Todd Korthuis

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:27

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. In the US, emergency room visits and overdoses related to prescription opioids have soared and the rates of illicit opioid use, including heroin and fentanyl, are increasing. Opioid use disorder (OUD) is assoc...

    Authors: Hildi Hagedorn, Marie Kenny, Adam J. Gordon, Princess E. Ackland, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Wei Yu and Alex H. S. Harris

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:25

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  29. Patients with alcohol misuse are less likely to receive preventive health services but more likely to utilize emergency health services. However, the association between alcohol misuse and outpatient follow-up...

    Authors: Bryan Borg, Ivor S. Douglas, Madelyne Hull, Angela Keniston, Marc Moss and Brendan J. Clark

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:24

    Content type: Research

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  30. The non-medical use of opioids has reached epidemic levels nationwide, and rural areas have been particularly affected by increasing rates of overdose mortality as well as increases in the prison population. I...

    Authors: Amanda M. Bunting, Carrie B. Oser, Michele Staton, Katherine S. Eddens and Hannah Knudsen

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:23

    Content type: Research

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  31. Drug overdose deaths involving opioids have surged in recent years and the economic cost of the opioid epidemic is estimated to be over $500 billion annually. In the midst of calls for declaring a national eme...

    Authors: Matthew A. Miclette, Jared A. Leff, Isabella Cuan, Jeffrey H. Samet, Brendan Saloner, Gary Mendell, Yuhua Bao, Michael A. Ashburn, Marcus A. Bachhuber, Bruce R. Schackman, Daniel E. Polsky and Zachary F. Meisel

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:22

    Content type: Meeting Report

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  32. While buprenorphine/naloxone (B/N) is approved for opioid use disorder treatment, effective delivery of B/N comes with significant challenges. Most notably, many patients do not take medication daily as prescr...

    Authors: Zev Schuman-Olivier, Jacob T. Borodovsky, Jackson Steinkamp, Qays Munir, Kyle Butler, Mary Ann Greene, Jonah Goldblatt, Hai Yi Xie and Lisa A. Marsch

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:21

    Content type: Research

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  33. Addiction treatment improves substance use and criminal recidivism outcomes among justice-involved individuals with substance use disorders, but is underutilized. Although information exists regarding barriers...

    Authors: Mandy D. Owens, Jessica A. Chen, Tracy L. Simpson, Christine Timko and Emily C. Williams

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:19

    Content type: Research

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  34. The emergency department (ED) has long been recognized as providing critical access to the health care system for many, yet only in the past few decades has the ED visit been recognized as an opportunity to id...

    Authors: Kathryn Hawk and Gail D’Onofrio

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:18

    Content type: Review

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2019 14:26

  35. Increasing understanding of the pathways and processes of recovery from cannabis use disorder may help in designing effective and attractive interventions to promote recovery. We report insights from individua...

    Authors: David C. Hodgins and Jonathan N. Stea

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:16

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Little is known about tobacco smoking behaviors of healthcare professionals in the Middle East where stress conditions are high and tobacco smoking regulations are either absent or loose. The objective of this...

    Authors: Isra Y. Mizher, Shahd I. Fawaqa and Waleed M. Sweileh

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:17

    Content type: Research

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  37. Opioid-related overdose deaths have risen sharply among young adults. Despite this increase, access to evidence-based medication for opioid agonist treatment (OAT) for youth remains low. Among older adults, ba...

    Authors: Scott E. Hadland, Tae Woo Park and Sarah M. Bagley

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:15

    Content type: Case Report

    Published on:

  38. For over a decade, the vast majority of new hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have been among young people who inject drugs (PWID). Well-characterized gaps in chronic HCV diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment ...

    Authors: Stephen A. Martin, Jordon Bosse, Amanda Wilson, Phyllis Losikoff and Lisa Chiodo

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:10

    Content type: Commentary

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  39. Contemporary advances in addiction neuroscience have paralleled increasing interest in the ancient mental training practice of mindfulness meditation as a potential therapy for addiction. In the past decade, ...

    Authors: Eric L. Garland and Matthew O. Howard

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:14

    Content type: Review

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  40. Alcohol and drug use are leading causes of morbidity and mortality that frequently go unidentified in medical settings. As part of a multi-phase study to implement electronic health record-integrated substanc...

    Authors: Jennifer McNeely, Pritika C. Kumar, Traci Rieckmann, Erica Sedlander, Sarah Farkas, Christine Chollak, Joseph L. Kannry, Aida Vega, Eva A. Waite, Lauren A. Peccoralo, Richard N. Rosenthal, Dennis McCarty and John Rotrosen

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. HIV-infected people who use drugs (PWUD) exhibit the highest rates of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among people living with HIV. This contributes to poor treatment outcomes, increased morbidit...

    Authors: Kasey Claborn, Sara Becker, Don Operario, Steve Safren, Josiah D. Rich and Susan Ramsey

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:12

    Content type: Study protocol

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  42. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs) around Australia have been asked to standardise screening for unhealthy drinking. Accordingly, screening with the 3-item AUD...

    Authors: M. Mofizul Islam, Helen T. Oni, K. S. Kylie Lee, Noel Hayman, Scott Wilson, Kristie Harrison, Beth Hummerston, Rowena Ivers and Katherine M. Conigrave

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:5

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. Research has identified drinking motives as the final common pathway to alcohol use, and associations between specific drinking motives and drinking patterns have consistently been demonstrated. Data on drinki...

    Authors: Christina Nehlin, Margareta Wennberg and Caisa Öster

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:7

    Content type: Research

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  44. While brief intervention (BI) for risky alcohol use generally yields positive effects among those identified by screening, effect sizes are small and there is unexplained heterogeneity in outcome. The heterog...

    Authors: Jennifer E. Hettema, Stephanie A. Cockrell, Abigail Reeves, Karen S. Ingersoll, Paula J. Lum, Richard Saitz, Cristina M. Murray-Krezan and Valerie A. Carrejo

    Citation: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 2018 13:6

    Content type: Research article

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